Heart disease is truly a terrifying disease as it is still the leading cause of death in the US. Millions of people around the world suffer from heart disease every year. Both stroke and heart disease are caused by cardiovascular disease, which is a common problem in patients who suffer from chronic kidney disease. It doesn’t matter what the age of the patient is, if they have had a transplant, or the stage of kidney disease.
Heart Disease and Kidney Disease
If you or a loved one is suffering from kidney disease, your risk of developing heart disease is very high. In fact, heart disease is the most common cause of death in patients with kidney disease. Here are some facts about kidney disease:
- Kidneys are damaged and can no longer filter blood like normal.
- When kidneys are damaged, toxins in the body build up.
- Kidney damage progresses slowly and this is called chronic kidney disease.
- There are usually no symptoms, but when the damage is advanced, feeling sick or fatigued is among the first symptoms.
- Kidney failure can happen and this is where blood filtering treatment or kidney transplant may be needed for the patient to stay alive.
Meanwhile, here are heart disease facts to know about:
- It can include any problem relating to how the heart fails to pump blood normally.
- Heart disease starts either in the heart or the blood vessels.
- Problems include plaque buildup in the walls of the blood vessels and blood clot that prevents blood flow to the heart.
- Heart attacks can happen where the heart doesn’t get enough blood and oxygen.
But How are Kidney Disease and Heart Disease Related to Each Other?
There are two main causes of the two diseases: diabetes and high blood pressure. In kidney disease though, high blood pressure or hypertension isn’t just a cause, but having kidney disease can also lead to hypertension. This is because having damaged kidneys can stop the organs from filtering salt and water from the body.
The heart and the kidneys work closely together. Those with kidney disease have a high risk of suffering from heart attacks and even heart failure. This is due to the problem where the heart no longer pumps efficiently, so it is blocked by blood. As a result, pressure accumulates in the main vein where the kidneys are connected, therefore leading to the kidneys being congested with blood too.
If you have both kidney and heart diseases, numerous drugs will be used for the treatment. But the most important thing is to control blood pressure in which there are plenty of ways to do so, including stopping smoking, eating a low-salt diet, and exercising regularly.