Earthquakes are natural disasters that are considered very destructive. They don’t just destroy homes and buildings, but they can destroy families, dreams and lives. They are terrifying and can happen anytime and anywhere, particularly those places that are close to the edges of tectonic plates. Because they are unpredictable, your safest best for survival is having the knowledge on what to do during an earthquake:
1. Look for a wooden building. Concrete buildings should be avoided when there is an earthquake. Wooden ones are actually the safest because wood is more flexible. It moves when earthquake hits. If the building does collapse, you can find that there are voids or spaces where you can stay to survive. Additionally, the wooden building has less crushing weight. If you can’t find wooden buildings, the next option is a brick building although this can break into individual bricks. Nevertheless, you have lower chances of getting squashed than with concrete slabs.
2. Curl into fetal position. If you observe cats and dogs when they are in trouble, they curl up into fetal position. This is their natural instinct for survival and safety and therefore, you should emulate it. You can actually survive more if you fill a smaller space. The best thing to do is to get next to a certain object, such as a sofa, which will compress only slightly.
3. Roll out of bed. If there’s an earthquake in the middle of the night and you are in bed, what you need to do is to roll out of the bed. Lie down on the floor next to your bed. This will provide you with a much greater rate of survival during an earthquake.
4. Avoid the doorway. When a building collapses and you are under the doorway, you will be crushed. The ceiling will fall on you when the door jamb falls backward, forward, or even sideways.
5. Avoid the stairs. Aside from the doorway, you should never go to the stairs and seek refuge there. Stairs actually move separately from the rest of the building. In this case, the building will bump into the stairs until the stairs fail. Even if you are in a strong building, which may not collapse, make sure that you stay away from the stairs.
6. Get out of the building. It is so much safer to be near the outer walls of a building. If possible, be outside rather than inside. The farther you are from the building, the greater your chances of escaping.
7. Stop your car. If you are in a vehicle, don’t go out. Pull over as soon as you see it is safe. There should be no utility wires around, overpasses, buildings, and trees, as these things can fall onto your car.
8. If you’re at home, don’t go out. Move to a safer location in the house, such as under a strong table, desk, or an interior wall. Protect yourself from objects that could fall over your head. Make sure you stay away from windows, hanging objectives, heavy furniture and appliances, and even fireplaces. If you are cooking, stop what you’re doing, turn off the stove immediately, and take cover.
Although earthquakes are frightening, you shouldn’t panic. Remember they don’t last very long, even though they might seem an hour. In general, earthquakes with a magnitude of 6.0 and below are non-life threatening, but you still have to protect yourself in all cases.