People suffer from illnesses due to heat wave when the system that controls body temperature is overloaded. Normally, the body responds to heat by sweating, which is actually a way to cool down. There are conditions though where sweating is not enough. When this takes place, the body temperature increases very rapidly. If this isn’t controlled, brain or vital organ damage could occur.
It is important that you know about heat-related illnesses, so that you can act accordingly in case something like this happens.
You know when you have sunburn when your skin is red and painful. There could be some blisters and swelling. In some cases, people experience headaches and fever.
How to Treat: It’s easy to combat sunburn by taking a shower and using soap, which will help eliminate the oils that block the pores. When the pores are blocked, the body will not be able to cool itself naturally. If there are blisters on your skin, use sterile dressings. For severe sunburn, it is crucial to seek medical attention immediately.
If you are sweating heavily and you have painful leg or abdominal muscle spasms or both, you could be suffering from heat cramps.
How to Treat: Apply firm pressure on the muscles that are cramping. You can also try to massage them gently to relieve the pain and the spasm. If the person is not nauseous, give sips of water.
Heat exhaustion is one of the serious illnesses caused by extreme hot weather. A person suffering from this disorder sweats heavily, is weak with cold, pale, and clammy skin. Oftentimes, there is a weak pulse, which could lead to vomiting and fainting. It is possible that even though the person has heat exhaustion, he or she still has normal temperature.
How to Treat: Let the victim lie down for a few minutes in a cool place. Clothing should be loosened, so the person can breathe easier. Offer water in sips, but if vomiting occurs, it’s time to call the doctor.
Also known as sun stroke, hyperthermia, or heat stress, heat stroke occurs when the body temperature is at least 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The skin is hot and dry with rapid pulse, but without sweating. It is also possible that the person is unconscious.
How to Treat: This is a medical emergency. Call emergency medical services as soon as you suspect someone is suffering from heat stroke, so as to receive appropriate treatment right away.
Heat does not just bring illness to a person; it can also kill as it burdens the human body until it goes beyond its abilities. Being aware of the heat-related disorders can save you or your loved ones from medical emergencies.