There are a few types of diabetes, but type 2 is the most common with up to 95% of all diabetes cases. This type requires lifestyle changes, including healthier diet, more physical activities, and medicines. Although some people don’t need insulin, a huge number of diabetics require this hormone to control blood glucose better.
One of the best ways to hopefully treat diabetes is to replace the old beta cells with new and healthy ones in patients. This however is an invasive procedure and scientists haven’t found a way for this to happen yet. Nevertheless, they have come up with an easier and pain-free solution, known as the smart insulin patch.
What is This Synthetic Patch?
The new smart insulin patch is covered in real and natural beta cells. To use this patch, it just needs to be on the skin and it will effectively secrete insulin whenever the patient requires the hormone. This is really good news for people with diabetes. It shows that it doesn’t have to be painful to control the disease because there’s no need for injection. What’s more, diabetics don’t have to monitor their blood sugar levels.
More about the Patch and How It Works
The patch was developed last year and has been studied since then. It has improved a lot since its birth with some serious developments:
- This year, it can control blood sugar levels of mice for more than 10 hours.
- The older patch used synthetic insulin, but the new version as mentioned contains real beta cells.
- Because they are live and natural beta cells, this patch can safely be used by diabetics for longer periods of time. There should be no fear of overusing or underusing the patch.
- The beta cells remain outside of the skin, so this will not trigger an autoimmune response.
The patch may be truly effective for diabetics in managing their disease at home. Beta cells are generally located in the pancreas. Patients often have damaged beta cells or they simply don’t produce enough insulin, so their blood sugar levels are out of control. The patch has very tiny needles where the beta cells will travel to the bloodstream. While the patch does have needles, there will be little to no pain felt because they are almost the size of an eyelash.
This patch hasn’t been tested on humans yet, but diabetics can look to the future with hope that their treatment or at least the management of their disease will become better.