If you have an overactive bladder (OAB), it means you could be experiencing problems, such as urinary incontinence. Having an overactive bladder occurs because the muscles in the bladder walls suddenly contract and this can result to a set of symptoms. Many people believe that an overactive bladder is associated with aging, but this is not true. It is a fact, however, that the risk of developing the syndrome increases as people grow older.
Overactive bladder can affect anyone and it can be a huge problem as it can have a significant impact on the quality of life. Symptoms include:
- Urinary urgency or the difficulty in delaying urination
- Nocturia or peeing a lot at night
- Urge incontinence or urine leakage
- Peeing more than eight times a day
Thankfully, there are several treatments available, including behavioral therapies, surgery, neuromodulation, and pelvic muscle strengthening. Additionally, there are some remedies to try at home, including:
1. Avoid some foods and drinks.
As much as possible avoid consuming drinks and foods that can worsen your symptoms, such as:
- Spicy foods
- Tomatoes and other products containing tomatoes
- Citrus fruits and juices
- Alcoholic beverages
- Coffee and tea
2. Avoid being constipated.
If you have healthy bowel movements, this can help improve your bladder’s condition. There are some ways to stay regular, including:
- Eat more foods rich in fiber, such as beans, whole wheat bread, and fresh fruits.
- Start exercising.
- Drink 3/4 cup of prune juice
3. Try to lose weight.
If you’re overweight, you could develop urinary incontinence, particularly the type known as stress incontinence. This happens when you unintentional leak urine whenever you’re doing physical activities, such as coughing, exercising, and laughing. Stress incontinence is caused by weakened pelvic muscles.
4. Maintain healthy habits.
There are some habits that can lead to OAB, including smoking and drinking. Smoke from cigarette can irritate the muscles in the bladder and smoker’s cough can cause urine leakage. Be careful of your drinks as well, since acidic and caffeinated drinks can worsen your overactive bladder symptoms.
5. Train your bladder.
You can train your bladder to delay urinating. Begin with shorter delays like 30 minutes and then you can gradually work to urinating three to four hours. It helps if you can contract or tighten your pelvic floor muscles though kegel exercises, for example.
You can chart and keep track of your overactive bladder symptoms for 24 hours. Record how much you drink, the number of times you urinate, incidents that cause you to leak urine, and how many times these accidents occur.